MAPPA – Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements

The Management of Offenders (Scotland) Act 2005 placed by duty on ‘responsible authorities’ – police, local authorities, and the Scottish Prison Service to put joint arrangements in place for the assessment and management of risk posed by sex offenders and violent offenders.

Other agencies – such as voluntary organisations working with offenders, and housing providers, as the Scottish Government specifies – have a ‘duty to co-operate’ with other agencies and work collaboratively with the responsible authorities.

Within the offenders managed by the MAPPA process are offenders who have committed offences against children, or who may

There are three categories of offenders managed by the MAPPA process:

      • Registered Sex Offenders
      • Violent and other offenders who are deemed to pose a risk serious harm
      • Restricted patients or mentally disordered offenders, who are also sexual or violent offenders and fall within categories 1-3

There are three levels of management:

Level 1 – the risks are judged to be such that they can be managed by a single agency

Level 2 – Inter-agency management – the level of risk and other factors is such that the active involvement of more that one agency is required

Level 3 – Multi-agency Public Protection Panels – The risk is judged to be high or very high to the extent that the case requires the involvement and the close co-operation of senior managers from the agencies involved.

Each of the eight criminal justice authorities in Scotland has a MAPPA co-ordinator who receives notification of the relevant offenders and co-ordinates arrangements. 

In South Ayrshire MAPPA meetings take place on a monthly basis.  Category 2 and 3 offenders are discussed. A designated Care, Learning & Wellbeing, Children Services Team Leader attends the meeting.


How to do it

The team leader is responsible for:

      • Referring children who may be at risk (from the offenders discussed) for initial assessment or child protection investigation to the Care, Learning & Wellbeing, Children Services Team
      • Contributing information from the Care, Learning & Wellbeing, Children Services concerning children about whom there are concerns
      • Sharing relevant information about offenders and in relation to concerns about children with Care, Learning & Wellbeing, Children Services staff involved with the children and their families.